The improvised explosive device and “The propaganda of the act” – World
A significant proportion of the damage caused by explosives in the world today is caused by improvised explosive devices (IEDs). Over the past decades, it has become a popular weapon for the non-state actor – from extremist to insurgent – transforming battlefields and wreaking havoc on civilians and the military.
At the same time, FDI has proliferated in an increasingly digital world, vulnerable both to violent propaganda and, when this translates into action, to the actual violence of âPropaganda of the Deedâ.
This means that as technologies have emerged, the methods of violence – and those who seek to use them – have also evolved and proliferated. FDI has thus transformed over time, in parallel with its media framing. Today, IED not only provides economy of means for terrorist organizations, but also ensures that the violence it perpetuates provokes outrage and media attention.
Merged with the ideals of ‘propaganda of the deed’, this form of violence has the capacity to shock, terrify and inspire a wider network of people than ever before. Such influence and impact has meant that IED has become a focal point of Action on Armed Violence (AOAV) research and results.
The AOAV believes that it is important to analyze the symbiotic relationship between this form of improvised violence and the ideologies that motivate its use. We believe that the history of IED, the contemporary use of IED, the rise of the suicide bomber, and the cultural, social and political conditions for the proliferation of IED should all be analyzed in turn – through the lens of the eye. prism of ideology and propaganda – in order to better fight against their spread and mitigate their damage.
This report seeks to do so.
The AOAV thanks the United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) and the French government for making this research possible through their funding and support.