Tech talent in Asia-Pacific sees more challenges – World

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(Asia News Network) (The Jakarta Post)

Jakarta ●
Thu, November 4, 2021

2021-11-04
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Chinese tech giant Huawei has launched a five-year budget of $ 50 million to develop 500,000 information and communication technology (ICT) talent in the Asia-Pacific region.

Experts from the region gathered at the 2021 Digital Talent Summit webinar, co-hosted by the ASEAN Foundation and Huawei, on Wednesday to explore ways to scale up digital talent development amid staff shortages. qualified continues.

International consultant Korn Ferry has estimated a shortage of 47 million tech talent by 2030 in the Asia-Pacific region. PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) found in a survey that more than 50% of CEOs in the Asia Pacific region say it’s hard to hire digital talent with the right skills.

The challenges have also entered a new phase as the COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted the digital talent landscape in Asia-Pacific like never before, according to Huawei’s 2022 Digital Talent Insight.

The world is in the throes of disruption with emerging technologies such as 5G, cloud computing, big data, artificial intelligence (AI), Internet of Things (IoT) and blockchain set to radically reshape the world. ‘Digital Economy.

“We went beyond skills development [that can be learned] seek “transformational leadership” […] It’s all in the state of mind […] of talents who think of customers first […] and who can meet the challenge of the status quo, ”Gokhan Ogut, CEO of Malaysian telecommunications company Maxis, said during the webinar.

Vu Minh Khuong of the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy in Singapore said that in addition to the ability to “break through”, new digital talent also needs to have the skills to foster synergy and even transform the world with innovations.

He invented a framework for intensified talents called the Smart Model, with the S for strategic role, M for momentum building, A for knowledge building, R for rethinking and T for confidence building.

Huawei’s Digital Talent Insight has confirmed that governments need to lead the way and work closely with industries (demand) and universities (supply) in terms of planning and developing their local talent population.

The study grouped countries into three digital talent development categories: Frontrunner (Singapore, South Korea, Japan), Adopter (China, Malaysia, Thailand) and Starter (Indonesia, India, Vietnam, Philippines, Pakistan and Bangladesh) .

He found that adopting countries show that government initiatives and investment in digital development can differentiate the pace at which a country achieves its digitization initiatives. However, efforts are still insufficient as talent policies can help younger generations but not mid-career retrainers, for example.

Mohamed Djelid of UNESCO Asia-Pacific echoed a parallel view of a recent World Economic Forum-Sea Co. survey of 80,000 people showing that small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are more enthusiastic about towards technological change and eager to meet the challenge than other groups.

“It’s the state of mind,” he added.

Syed Ismail Shah, International Telecommunication Union of Southeast Asia, said that for anxious workers retraining senior citizens is more about “state of mind.” He called for more collaboration among ASEAN countries and for more seriousness in developing digital ecosystems so that the tools can be widely available.

Ogut of Maxis said that while partnerships with academia are essential, his company has also used the merger and acquisition process to acquire talent from specialized small and medium start-ups and digital service providers.

Huawei is rolling out its new talent development program to four more countries to bring the total to eight in the Asia-Pacific region, said Jay Chen, vice president of Huawei Asia-Pacific.

Huawei also signed the Seeds for the Future cooperation with the ASEAN Foundation on Wednesday.

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Digital Talent Development Maturity Score: Asia-Pacific

Singapore

• More than 40 public-private partnership (PPP) policies, initiatives and programs, led by various agencies under the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Communications and Information, Ministry of Trade and Industry and more

• Invest 8 percent of government spending in digital talent initiatives – involves grants, grants and cash payments for citizens of different age groups, career stages and communities

South Korea

• Investing over US $ 3 billion to support Artificial Intelligence (AI) education in the country – aimed directly at helping private industry companies such as semiconductor manufacturers improve their skills and to be sustainable

Japan

• Digital education focuses on hardware or non-software engineering due to culture. They have a bold plan to more than triple the digital talent bank, disproportionately focusing on software developers, data engineers, data scientists, machine learning engineers, product managers, coaches agile, designers and other types of new jobs

• However, limited actions observed in achieving the above. They have not moved education and no flagship PPP has been announced for this plan

China

• China takes a top-down approach to digital talent development. The PPP program in the country seems limited to only local private companies and limited collaboration with foreign companies. For example, Alibaba manages the Global Digital Talent Program

• In addition, the limited investments made to help develop digital talent in marginalized regions of the country. Most are concentrated in the first and second tier cities. This report estimates that China spends 2-3% of annual government spending on digital talent development

Malaysia

• Malaysian ministries and government agencies rarely collaborate, despite the conduct of similar initiatives. For example, MDEC, MIDA and MyDigital all run different programs and initiatives that rarely overlap.

• Brand new Malaysia Work in Tech (MWIT) initiative aims to invest RM100 million ($ 24.14 million) to develop digital talent, far less than neighboring countries, which spend over $ 200 million

Thailand

• Thailand’s digital policy has focused heavily on building infrastructure rather than talent.

• This year, the government has indicated that it will likely spend between US $ 10 million and US $ 13 million on digital talent creation, which is significantly lower than in neighboring countries.

Vietnam

• Vietnam has recently introduced a new digitization strategy, as mentioned above. None of the goals of the strategy took digital talent development into consideration.

• Key reason for the language barrier preventing the country from becoming a top digital talent hub, but no serious initiatives are available to alleviate this problem. Thus, without initiative, limited investments made in the strengthening of digital talents by the government.

• However, due to the cultural preference for software engineering, the digital talent culture in Vietnam is promising.

Indonesia

• Since the appointment of Gojek’s founder as Minister of Education, Culture, Research and Technology, Indonesia has relied on this ministry to drive all digital initiatives, including talent . Thus, limited collaboration between other ministries and agencies reporting to them was reported.

• There have been many mentions of the government’s focus on digital talent development in 2019, but those announcements and news have faltered in 2020 and 2021.

• However, a PPP program has been set up with Tokopedia to introduce a large-scale digital talent program to improve the skills of citizens. In addition, Alibaba Cloud commits to invest US $ 1 billion to support the digital talent pool.

• Government focuses on tax deductions for companies that support digital talent development, but actual tax investment is rarely mentioned

India

• NASSCOM – a non-profit organization in India has partnered with government and IT industry to offer free or subsidized programs, “National Skills Prime”, encompassing 10 emerging technologies, including certifications

• Credit to global companies and NGOs, the supply of digital talent in India is high and will remain so if the landscape remains unchanged

Pakistan

• The nationwide training program (DigiSkills.pk) launched by the Department of Information Technology and Telecommunications through the National Ignite Technology Fund provides free training for young people in self-employment and other marketable skills. The program includes 10 courses including Freelance, Digital Marketing, Search Engine Optimization, Graphic Design, Digital Literacy, Ecommerce Management, Creative Writing, QuickBooks, AutoCAD, and WordPress. Unknown collaboration between other agencies and ministries

• The Punjab Skills Development Fund will join the retraining revolution and partner with the World Economic Forum on a national accelerator to bridge the skills gap in Pakistan, named Parwaaz.

Philippines

• Launch of a digital employment program in October led by the Department of Information and Communication Technologies (DICT) and the Cooperative Development Authority (CDA).

• Limited mention of the PPP program to develop digital talent in the country.

• In August, a Filipino tech company invested PHP 80 million (US $ 1.58 million) in grants to university partners to fund programs focused on emerging technologies, sustainability, inclusion and diversity. There was no mention of government collaboration in this initiative.

Bangladesh

• The government launched the “Digital Bangladesh” initiative a few years ago with the aim of attracting investment for digital infrastructure and, to some extent, digital talent. Introduction of policies and incentives such as a 50% tax break for the importation of foreign talent and 100% repatriation of profits.

• However, this initiative has been dormant since 2019 without any replacement or active effort. Government relies solely on international companies to invest in digital talent development

Source: Huawei: 2022 Asia-Pacific Digital Talent Outlook


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