Situation report in Peru – August 2021 – Peru


Situation

On August 14, the Peruvian government extended the national state of emergency until March 2022, mainly to prepare for a possible third wave of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The regional governor of Tumbes met with the president of the Council of Ministers to discuss the possibility of reopening the northern border with Ecuador. On August 28, President Pedro Castillo announced that once the COVID-19 vaccination is complete, the borders of Tacna and Tumbes will be opened to reactivate the economy.

Two new bills were presented to the Peruvian Congress in order to toughen the penalties derived from irregular entries (PL N ° 00016/2021-CR), as well as to legislate around the expulsions of foreigners who commit crimes or administrative offenses (PL No. 00074/2021-CR).

Regarding the regularization mechanisms and access to documentation, on August 23, the Migration Superintendent (SNM) reported the issuance of the first 5,700 Temporary Permanence Card-CPP (out of the 57,500 CPP processed), as well as than 1,240 humanitarian residences (out of the 14,300 that are being treated).

Responnse

GTRM partners assisted some 19,600 refugees and migrants with general protection referrals (15,000) and legal advice (4,600), as well as 4,100 through case management. Most of the guidance responded to questions posed on how to deal with PPC and how to calculate the penalty fee per day of irregular stay in the country, given that this penalty ($ 1.1 per day) should be paid to advance in the PPC process.

Some 2,700 people received psychosocial assistance to address socio-emotional needs through group and individual sessions, strengthening intra-family dialogue and promoting well-being.

Some 2,600 key actors, including the community, government officials and other service providers, participated in 80 workshops and trainings on child protection, gender-based violence, human trafficking and smuggling. human rights, and on regularization, access to documentation and the like.

Some 740 survivors received specialized assistance. In addition, partners have assisted over 240 GBV survivors and their families with cash-based interventions (CBI).

Some 50 highly vulnerable refugees and migrants benefited from alternative accommodation in hotels in Arequipa, La Libertad, Lima and Tacna, and 70 in shelters in Puno. As part of the shelter sector response, partners continued to distribute thermal blankets to cope with the cold temperatures in Arequipa, Puno and Tacna, as well as nearly 150 kitchen utensils to improve their shelters.

GTRM partners distributed more than 26,600 hot and cold meals to support highly vulnerable refugees and migrants (both resident and in transit) and members of the host community. These activities aim to increase the nutritional values ​​of this very vulnerable population in transit (in key entry points such as Madre de Dios, Puno, Tacna, Tumbes), but also residing in the peri-urban areas of Lima. In addition, considering families at risk of food insecurity, nearly 1,400 people received a CBI (USD 45,000) to support access to food. One of the response strategies implemented is targeting vulnerable families to receive three monthly transfers to cover their food needs for three months.

Partners also assisted some 140 vulnerable people with humanitarian transport from entry points such as Puno, Tacna and Tumbes.

As part of WASH efforts, partners distributed 5,000 hygiene kits to help people in transit, including 530 kits for women and adolescents, in Arequipa, Callao, Cusco, Lima, Moquegua, Puno, Tacna and Tumbes .

As part of the education sector response, the GTRM partners supported the Ministry of Education in its efforts to plan the return to semi-presentative classes, considering that in August more than four thousand schools across the countries, especially in rural areas, have partially returned to the physical classroom. . Some 800 vulnerable refugee and migrant students and members of the host community received school kits to support their permanence in the public education system, and 210 tablets in Arequipa, Piura and Tumbes. The GTRM partners facilitated the validation of around thirty professional diplomas.

Regarding integration efforts, some 160 people participated in capacity-building trainings on how to access decent work, 1,200 participated in entrepreneurship and self-employment programs for increase their livelihood opportunities, and nearly 530 operational entrepreneurs continue to receive support. Almost 140 refugees and migrants received financial education, and 240 accessed the financial system with the support of GTRM partners, and some 2,300 people received CBIs for a living. In addition, as requested by the Intersectoral Working Group for Migration Management (MTIGM), led by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the GTRM has started to develop a national strategy for the socio-economic integration of refugees and migrants who articulates the response and services of the public sector.

RWGT partners provided emergency assistance and primary health care to more than 4,800 refugees and migrants and members of the host community, including more than 60 people living with HIV in Lima and Tumbes. Regarding the increase in mental health-related cases among refugees and migrants due to the impact of COVID-19, GTRM partners continued to support the Mental Health Working Group, as part of of MTIGM. Over 400 people received mental health care and some 550 people were supported to access treatment and pay for medical expenses through the sector CCI (US $ 34,000). GTRM partners distributed sexual and reproductive health kits, including contraceptives for refugees and migrants in transit through Tumbes.


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